Gum disease can affect many patients and can range from simple gum inflammation to a serious disease that can cause major damage and tooth loss. Bacteria in our teeth can stick to our teeth and harden to form plaque. Plaque can be removed by brushing and flossing frequently, but plaque that is not removed forms into tartar that can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
Plaque and tartar remaining on the teeth can result in bleeding gums, or different levels of gum disease. Below are some of the most common gum disease types:
Gingivitis - Mild Gum Disease
When plaque and tartar are left for too long on the teeth, it can cause irritation, redness and swelling of your gums. This is because the bacteria found in plaque and tartar infect the surrounding gum tissue. If it is not treated promptly, bacteria may spread to the surrounding tissue and bone, leading to periodontitis. Gingivitis can be treated by regularly brushing, flossing and cleaning appointments with a dental hygienist.
There are many signs of early gum disease. Often a mild case can go unnoticed, but identification is crucial to prevent the gum disease from worsening. According to the American Dental Association, 60 per cent of adults have moderate-to-severe forms of gum disease, also men tend to be more susceptible to gum disease. Symptoms include:
* Receding gum line
* Swollen, tender, puffy, dark red gums
* Bad breath
* Tooth loss
* Painful chewing
* Loose or sensitive teeth
* Bone loss
If you happen to have any of these symptoms, don't wait to book an appointment and have a dental hygienist check your teeth. At Oasispark Dental, our dentists and dental hygienists will assess the health of your teeth and gums to ensure that you are not at risk of developing any form of advanced gum disease.
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