Gingivectomy is a treatment done to patients who suffer from gum disease. It is the removal of unwanted gum tissue (also known as gingiva). It is necessary for patients whose gums have pulled away from teeth and created pockets. The procedure involves the removal and reshaping of loose, diseased gingiva, in order to remove pockets around the teeth that can collect plaque and bacteria that lead to many other dental problems. A gingivectomy is usually done before any damage has been done to the bone supporting the tooth. This will help to fully clean your teeth and prevent further gum disease.
Gingivoplasty is the surgical procedure that involves the reshaping of gums (gingiva) around teeth. This is usually done for aesthetic reasons, for anyone who may have unusually shaped gums or gums that may not be formed normally. A gingivoplasty will make the gum line look more natural and can be done along with a gum graft, if additional gum tissue is also required in the area.
Like most procedures done in the mouth, there is the risk of infection. Particularly, risk of infection within the blood stream. Your dental surgeon may require you to take an antibiotic before and after the procedure to reduce the risk of infection.
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