Osseous surgery, also known as flap surgery, is a gum procedure that involves separating the gums from the teeth, and allows dentists to reach the root of the tooth and bone. This is a common procedure for those who suffer from gum disease and have gum tissue and bone that is destroyed due to bacteria being caught underneath gum tissue. Scaling and root planing may not be enough and your periodontist may recommend this surgery.
Your surgeon begins by making an incision in your gums in order to form a "flap" that will uncover the bone that holds the tooth in place. The bacteria that has caused the disease and damaged the bone is removed from under that area. Your bone will then be reshaped to its natural shape and your gum "flap" is then stitched back into place. This is a highly successful procedure for helping gum and bone to heal on their own.
Like almost all oral surgeries, there is the risk of infection. With flap surgery, there is a particular risk for receding gums. Following the surgery there is a greater chance your gums will recede over time. This can cause your teeth to become much more sensitive to hot of cold and cavities near the roots. Excellent home care, such as regular daily brushing and flossing help to ward off the threat of cavities.
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